Bookmark S4H
Refer S4H
Chat
Forum
Sponsors
Search
ADD & ADHD
Autism
Anxiety/Panic
Bipolar
Depression
Domestic Abuse
G A D
O C D
P T S D
Phobias
Schizophrenia
Medications
Testimonials
Crisis #'s
M H News
Comments
Technical Help
F A Q
Awards
Links
Privacy Policy
User Agreement
Disclaimer
Write Us:
Support4Hope
PO Box 184
Deer Lodge, TN
37726

Links to our Autism Support Group & Information

Introduction To Autism

Autism, a brain disorder that affects about 1 to 2 people out of a thousand in America, often results in a lifetime disorder that impairs the way a person feels, thinks, and how they react in social environments, things most people take for granted everyday.

A person diagnosed with Autism has problems with communication and forming personal and friendly relationships with others and also finds it hard to hold a conversation with others because their reaction to topics is somewhat different.

There are different levels of Autism, some who have this disorder are relatively high functioning, they can speak just like anyone else, but others are mute or have language delays. For some, autism makes them feel like they are closed off, and others seem to be locked into repetitive behaviors and patterns of thinking and performance. A young infant with autism may not make eye contact with anyone, and seem deaf, because they do not respond when being spoken to, and will not develop or stop developing language.

Children may act as if they are unaware of coming and going of other individuals, some are physically abusive toward themselves and others without being provoked. Children afffected by Autism will often remain fixated on a single item or activity, such as hand clapping, verbal noises that some describe as a type of "chant," for lack of a better word, and walk on their toes most of the time when not wearing shoes.

Children with Autism do not act as others do when they are hurt, they will sometimes pick at scabs, blisters etc until they bleed and will still pick at them if not stopped, and some may even mutliate themselves, (headbanging, scratching etc.)

The National Institute of Mental Health - in collaboration with the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and the National Institute of Deafness and other Communication Disorders-is searching for answers about the causes, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of this devastating disorder. Research has made it possible to identify Autism at earlier ages and are able to initiate earlier intervention. Both psychosocial and pharmacological interventions can improve the behavioral and function of someone with Autism. Studies are evaluating medications such as risperidone and valproate, looking at mechanisms of action, safety, and effectiveness, on cognition, behavior, and development.

Improving early diagnosis and able to differentiate the various forms of autism is a goal of brain imaging studies that are building a database on normal brain development in children. Scans of the normal structural and functional maturation of the brain will be compared with those from individuals with autism, speeding development of targeted treatments and evaluations of their effects. Yet, even the most advanced scanners cannot substitute for post-mortem brain tissue.

Researchers are comparing the impairments seen in individuals with autism to impairments found in those with other disorders that affect the "executive" functions of the brain, such as schizophrenia, attention deficit disorder and Tourette's syndrome. In addition to cognitive impairments, individuals with autism often suffer from multiple psychopathologies, including impulse-control disorders, psychosis, obsessive-compulsive disorder, mood and anxiety disorders.

Some relatives of people with Autism may exhibit cognitive problems without even realizing it. Researchers are studying these family members to characterize these behavioral and biological traits, in hopes of tracing the variations in the genetic blueprint that contribute to this illness.

BACK TO THE LIST

Relative Links

 

 

User Agreement | Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Schizophrenia | Autism | PTSD | ADD & ADHD
Domestic Abuse | Depression | Bipolar | GAD | OCD | Medications | Home | Anxiety/Panic | Phobias


Copyright © 1999 -
Support4Hope Inc. All Rights Reserved
Quality Web Design and Hosting where the customer remains 1st Priority