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Depressive Illnesses are Serious But Treat able Disorders
Depressive illnesses are more than temporary "blue" moods or periods
of grief after a loss. Symptoms of depression affect thoughts, feelings, body,and
behaviors. Without treatment, the symptoms can last for months, years, or a
There are effective medications and psycho therapies(talk therapies) treatments
that often are used in combination. In severe depression, medication is usually
required. A number of short-term talk therapies to treat clinical depression
have been developed in recent years. Several types of medications are available,
none of them habit-forming. People with severe depression respond more rapidly
and more consistently to medication.
Those with recurring depression, including bipolar disorder, may need to stay
on medication to prevent or lessen further episodes. Many patients need psychotherapy
to deal with the psychological or interpersonal problems often associated with
their illness. Other biological treatments can be helpful. For example, electro
convulsive treatment (ECT) is a safe and often effective treatment for the most
severe depressions. Research is also being done on the use of light for the
treatment of depression. Early intervention may lessen severity of symptoms
and shorten the episode. Individuals respond differently to treatment. if after
several weeks symptoms have not improved, the treatment plan should be re-evaluated.
Individuals respond differently to treatments. If after several weeks symptoms
have not improved, the treatment plan should be discussed with the doctor.
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