Individual psychotherapy involves regularly scheduled talks between the patient
and a mental health professional such as a psychiatrist, psychologist,
psychiatric social worker, or nurse. The sessions may focus on
current or past problems, experiences, thoughts, feelings, or
relationships. By sharing experiences with a trained empathic
person talking about their world with someone outside it
individuals with schizophrenia may gradually come to understand
more about themselves and their problems. They can also learn
to sort out the real from the unreal and distorted. Recent studies
indicate that supportive, reality-oriented, individual psychotherapy,
and cognitive-behavioral approaches that teach coping and problem-solving
skills, can be beneficial for outpatients with schizophrenia.
However, psychotherapy is not a substitute for antipsychotic medication,
and it is most helpful once drug treatment first has relieved
a patient's psychotic symptoms.
BACK TO THE LIST